John 2

The First Sign: Turning Water into Wine

1On the third day a wedding took place in Cana of Galilee. Jesus’s mother was there, 2and Jesus and his disciples were invited to the wedding as well. 3When the wine ran out, Jesus’s mother told him, “They don’t have any wine.”

4“What has this concern of yours to do with me, woman?” Jesus asked. “My hour has not yet come.”

5“Do whatever he tells you,” his mother told the servants.

6Now six stone water jars had been set there for Jewish purification. Each contained twenty or thirty gallons.

7“Fill the jars with water,” Jesus told them. So they filled them to the brim. 8Then he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the headwaiter.” And they did.

9When the headwaiter tasted the water (after it had become wine), he did not know where it came from — though the servants who had drawn the water knew. He called the groom 10and told him, “Everyone sets out the fine wine first, then, after people are drunk, the inferior. But you have kept the fine wine until now.”

11Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee. He revealed his glory, and his disciples believed in him.

12After this, he went down to Capernaum, together with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples, and they stayed there only a few days.

Cleansing the Temple

13The Jewish Passover was near, and so Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14In the temple he found people selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and he also found the money changers sitting there. 15After making a whip out of cords, he drove everyone out of the temple with their sheep and oxen. He also poured out the money changers’ coins and overturned the tables. 16He told those who were selling doves, “Get these things out of here! Stop turning my Father’s house into a marketplace!”

17And his disciples remembered that it is written: Zeal for your house will consume me.

18So the Jews replied to him, “What sign will you show us for doing these things?”

19Jesus answered, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it up in three days.”

20Therefore the Jews said, “This temple took forty-six years to build, and will you raise it up in three days?”

21But he was speaking about the temple of his body. 22So when he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the Scripture and the statement Jesus had made.

23While he was in Jerusalem during the Passover Festival, many believed in his name when they saw the signs he was doing. 24Jesus, however, would not entrust himself to them, since he knew them all 25and because he did not need anyone to testify about man; for he himself knew what was in man.